Garrett Allumbaugh

Garrett Allumbaugh

Martha (Patsy) Willcoxen



Garrett Allumbaugh  (also Garret)

    Born:  1 April 1789 in Greenbrier County, Virginia (now West Virginia)

    Died:  5 January 1861 in, Buckheart Township, Fulton County, Illinois, and is buried at the Shields Cemetery, 4 miles west of Canton Illinois.

    Married:  29 April 1821 at Estill County, Kentucky. 

    Parents:  Peter Allumbaugh (1740 – 1833) and Catherine Green (? – 1815)

    Military:  Soldier in War of 1812-1814.


Martha (Patsy) Willcoxen (various spellings)

    Born:  18 September 1802 in North Carolina

    Died:  4 September 1851 in Louisa County, Iowa, and buried at Oakland/Carpenter Cemetery, Oakland Township, Louisa County, Iowa, near son Henry Allenbaugh (e-mail of Donna Alumbaugh).  Fulton County historical cemetery listings do state this Martha Allumbaugh was buried at the Shields Cemetery.

    Parents:  Squire Willcoxen (1778 to 1837) and Sarah Tatum (1780 to 1859)


Morphew/Murphy Story 2nd Edition – 7 April 2005




            Garrett and Martha (Patsy) Allumbaugh lived in the following locations:


            1.  Estill County, Kentucky until 1826

            2.  Fulton County, Illinois from 1829 to 1861



            In 2002, Donna Alumbaugh wrote her 1450 page book, Allumbaugh-Alumbaugh Family – 1740-2001."  Readers are referred to this book for the actual story.  Since then, additional information has come to light and is updated as follows.





Military muster rolls show “Garret Ellenbaugh” enlisted in Captain Sylvanus Massies’ Company of Colonel Jennings’ 2nd Kentucky Regiment.  He volunteered as a private for period of six months.  No veteran’s pension file could be found 8/16/00.


In early May 1812, Governor Charles Scott of Kentucky organized 5500 volunteer soldiers from the state into ten regiments to counter British-Indian threats in the Northwest Territory.  In possibly August, Colonels Barbee and Jennings assembled two regiments at Louisville, Kentucky with plans to march for Vincennes (Indiana).  From there, staging forces would go after marauding Indians under Tecumseh in the territories of Indiana, Illinois, and State of Ohio.   Two members of the U.S. Congress, Samuel McKee and Thomas Montgomery volunteered as privates in Jennings’ regiment.


At Louisville, the soldiers learned that American forces had surrendered at Detroit (16 August 1812) and Mackinaw (17 July 1812).  These defeats caused the regiments to be re-assigned to northern Ohio and the British-held Michigan Territory.  By September 1, they marched first through Georgetown, Scott County, Kentucky, following after other regiments through Newport (now Covington, Kenton County, Kentucky, across from Cincinnati).  Here they were delayed for some time until they could be supplied with their first arms and ammunition.  Following this, Jennings’ Regiment marched north through Cincinnati into the Indiana frontier.


On 19 September 1812, General William H. Harrison formed a plan to retake Detroit (Michigan) with mounted troops, by using a rarely used route along the St. Joseph’s River from Fort Wayne to the headwaters of the Raisin River (SE corner of Michigan).  Foot troop regiments of Colonel’s Barbee, Poague, Jennings, and others took a different route and marched eastward to a main supply depot at St. Marys, (Ohio) on the St. Mary’s River.  Here the officers met with General William Harrison.   On the 21st of September, Jennings troops crossed the St. Mary’s River and marched north along the Auglaize River towards Fort Defiance (Ohio), with orders to build an intermediate post or fort.  From this post, the 2nd of Kentucky Regiment would provide safe escort for provisions and supplies to the northern army of Brigadier General James Winchester.


After advancing 30 miles north from St. Marys, Jennings encountered enough signs of Indians that he sent scouts to Fort Defiance, only to discover the Indians in control.  He halted his troops along the Auglaize to build a block-house fort, which was called Fort Jennings.  This landmark of Fort Jennings still exists on Ohio maps, about 14 miles northwest of Lima.  Private Allumbaugh probably spent some time here.


Colonel Findley’s mounted troops moved to destroy Ottawa Indian towns on the Auglaize River.    On the evening of 1st of October, reinforcements passed through Fort Jennings to help General Winchester, who was expecting to battle the British at anytime.  Heavy rainstorms made the roads impassable and these troops were delayed here for days   Afterward, Colonel Poague’s regiment cleared a road from Fort Jennings towards Fort Defiance for troops to advance over.   Jenning’s soldiers began building boats and rafts to float down (north) the Auglaize River to attack Fort Defiance when the river waters rose.   Fort Defiance was soon retaken by Harrison’s troops.


At this point in time, American efforts were not going well and more rains intervened, making the re-supply routes impassible to Sandusky and Michigan territory.  In December, the road from St. Marys to Fort Jennings to Defiance was described as “one continuous swamp.”  Furthermore, Indian fighting along the northern limits of Ohio diverted many troops.   Winter clothing for the troops of General James Winchester failed to arrive, and the effects of bad food and gastrointestinal diseases ran rampant among the troops.  At times they could not muster enough soldiers to carry out work assignments. 


On about the 12th of January 1813, Harrison recommended to General Winchester that he abandon his march toward Detroit and to fall back to Fort Jennings to avoid being cut off by the British.   This recommendation was ignored and the 17th regiment of Winchester moved on to the River Raisin in the Territory of Michigan.  On 18 January 1813, these troops drove away a British and Indian contingent from nearby Frenchtown.  Then the worst happened.  On 21 January 1813, American troops were caught in a predawn raid with large numbers of British and Indian forces at the River Raisin.   The surprised American forces were quickly defeated, with 200 killed and 147 captured, and 500 surrendered.   The British treatment of the American prisoners was so barbaric, that in the fall ten months later Americans troops rallied to the battle cry “Remember the Raisin,” and chased the British from Detroit to London, Ontario, where a major battle took place.  This American counter-offensive did not start before winter was over. 


Before this counter offensive could take place, the arrival of 1st of March 1813 ended the military service period for the Kentucky regiments of Barbee, Poague and Jennings.   Garrett Allumbaugh presumably went home.   (From “History of the Late War in the Western County,” by Robert B. McAfee, 1816.)


                              FULTON COUNTY, ILLINOIS, 1829-1861


Garrett was a member of the Bethel Primitive Baptist Church.  A website mentions this early church which also served as a social center for its communtity.


According to Elder Robert L Webb (e-mail of 5 March 2003), Bethel Church Records show the following:


“Garrett Allumbaugh, Bethel, Canton, Fulton County, Spoon River 1789-1861.”


 Other Bethel members were: James Eggers, Landrine Eggers, William Eggers, Elder John Goforth, Elder William H. and Sarah Allumbaugh Morphew, James and Rebecca Hogan Morphew, Elder James and Rebecca Chambers Tatum, Matthew and Lydia Dollar Eggers Tatum, Elder Squire W. and Sarah Tatum Willcoxen, Hester Hogan Tatum.  Detailing on all but Goforth is found elsewhere on this website.




The following are the children of Garrett Allumbaugh and Martha “Patsy” Willcoxen.  (1). Esquire "Squire" Marion Alumbaugh was born 19 March 1822 in Estill County, Kentucky and died 14 September 1899 at Canton, Illinois; (2) Peter Allumbaugh was born 2 October 1823 in Kentucky and died 12 March 1907 at P.O. Sheldon, Vernon County, Missouri; (3.)  Henry Allumbaugh was born 2 September 1825 in Kentucky and died 9 June 1858 in a drowning at the age 32; (4). Martin C. Allumbaugh was born 26 March 1827 in Kentucky and died after 1900; (5).Elijah Allumbaugh was born 2 February 1829 and died 8 July 1868; (6). Sarah Allumbaugh was born 20 October 1831 at Fulton County, Illinois and died about 1872 near Woodburn, Iowa; (7) John C. Allumbaugh was born 4 June 1833 at Fulton County, Illinois and died 31 March 1914; (8). Preston Goforth Allumbaugh was born 28 May 1837 at Fulton County, Illinois and died after 1900; (9).  Elizabeth Jane Allumbaugh was born 4 August 1844 in Fulton County, Illinois and died 26 June 1901; (10).  Martha Ann Allumbaugh was born 15 August 1846 in Fulton County, Illinois and died 25 December 1914 at Okarche, Canadian County, Oklahoma; (11). Cynthia Jane Allumbaugh, probably died very young.